कंप्यूटर की पांच पीढ़ियां कौन कौन सी है ? !! Generations of computers ?

Computer ki pidiyan ya generations ko unke development ke adhar par alag-alag taur par classify kiya gaya hai. Yeh generations unke hardware architecture aur technology ke basis par differentiate hoti hain. Yahan computer ki panch mukhya pidian hain:

First Generation (1940s-1950s):

  • Vacuum tubes ka istemal hota tha.
  • ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) is generation ki pehli computer thi.

Second Generation (1950s-1960s):

  • Transistors ne vacuum tubes ko replace kiya.
  • Punched cards aur magnetic tapes ka istemal hota tha.
  • COBOL aur FORTRAN jaise high-level programming languages develop hue.

Third Generation (1960s-1970s):

  • Integrated circuits ka istemal shuru hua.
  • Mini-computers aayi, jaise ki IBM/360 series.
  • Operating systems develop hue, jaise ki Unix.

Fourth Generation (1970s-1980s):

  • Microprocessors aaye, jo ek chip par multiple functions perform kar sakte the.
  • Personal computers (PCs) develop hue, jaise ki IBM PC, Apple II.
  • Graphical User Interface (GUI) aur mouse ka istemal hua.

Fifth Generation (1980s-Present):

  • VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration) technology aayi.
  • Parallel processing aur supercomputers ka vikas hua.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) aur expert systems develop hue.
  • Internet aur World Wide Web ka istemal hua.

Har generation ne computer technology mein naye evolutions aur advancements laye, jinke parinamswaroop aaj hume modern computers aur technology milti hai.

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