Network kya hota hai or kitne prakar ke hote hai ?

Network kya hota hai or kitne prakar ke hote hai ?
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Network ek aise system ka group hai jisme multiple devices ek dusre se connect hote hain taki information share ki ja sake. Ye devices computers, servers, routers, switches, mobile devices, aur anya networking devices ko include karte hain. Networks ka use data sharing, resource sharing, communication, aur collaboration ke liye hota hai.

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Networks different types ke hote hain, aur inka classification based on various criteria hota hai. Yahan kuch common types of networks hain:

  1. Local Area Network (LAN): LAN ek limited geographic area me devices ko connect karta hai, jaise ki ek building, ek floor ya ek room. Isme typically high data transfer rates hote hain.
  2. Wide Area Network (WAN): WAN ek bada area cover karta hai, jaise ki multiple buildings, cities, ya countries. Internet ek example hai WAN ka.
  3. Metropolitan Area Network (MAN): MAN ek intermediate level ka network hai jo LAN aur WAN ke beech hota hai. Ye typically ek city ko cover karta hai.
  4. Personal Area Network (PAN): PAN ek individual person ke around hota hai, jaise ki Bluetooth devices ka network.
  5. Wireless LAN (WLAN): WLAN me devices wireless technology ka use karte hain, jise Wi-Fi bhi kehte hain.
  6. Client-Server Network: Isme ek central server hota hai jo resources ko manage karta hai aur clients usse request karte hain.
  7. Peer-to-Peer Network: Isme har device ek dusre ke equal hote hain aur directly communicate karte hain, without a central server.
  8. Intranet: Intranet ek private network hota hai jo organization ke internal use ke liye hota hai. Isme employees confidential information share karte hain.
  9. Extranet: Extranet ek extension hota hai intranet ka, jisme authorized users organization ke bahar bhi access kar sakte hain.
  10. Virtual Private Network (VPN): VPN secure communication provide karta hai over a public network, jaise ki the internet. Iska use remote access ke liye hota hai.

Ye kuch basic types hain, lekin technology evolve hoti ja rahi hai aur new types of networks bhi develop ho rahe hain.

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