Software kya hai or kitne prakar ke software hote hai ?

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Software ek computer program ya set of programs hota hai jo ek computer system ko operate karne, control karne, aur specific tasks ko perform karne me help karta hai. Ye programs computer ke hardware resources ka use karte hain, jaise ki processor, memory, storage, input/output devices, etc.

Software do prakar ke hote hain:

System Software:

Operating System (OS): OS ek aisa software hai jo computer hardware ko manage karta hai. Examples include Windows, macOS, Linux, and Android.

Device Drivers: Ye software devices ko connect karne aur unke saath communicate karne me madad karte hain.

Utilities: Ye tools hote hain jo system maintenance aur performance improvement ke liye use hote hain, jaise ki antivirus programs, disk cleanup tools, etc.

Application Software:

Word Processors: MS Word, Google Docs, etc.

Spreadsheets: MS Excel, Google Sheets, etc.

Graphics Software: Adobe Photoshop, CorelDRAW, etc.

Web Browsers: Chrome, Firefox, Safari, etc.

Media Players: VLC, Windows Media Player, etc.

Development Tools: Programming languages, IDEs (Integrated Development Environments), etc.

Software kai tariko se develop ho sakta hai, jaise ki compiled languages (C, C++), interpreted languages (Python, JavaScript), aur hybrid languages (Java). Iske alawa, open-source software, proprietary software, freeware, shareware, etc., bhi alag-alag licensing models ke tahat available hote hain.

In summary, software ek essential part hai modern computing ka, jo hardware ko control karke users ko various tasks karne me help karta hai.

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