What is artificial intelligence, and what is its use? How many types of artificial intelligence are there?

What is Artificial Intelligence and what is its use? How many types of Artificial Intelligence are there?
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AI, ya Artificial Intelligence, ek computer science ka shetra hai jo machines ko aise algorithms aur software ke madhyam se samajhdar banaata hai jisse ve manushya ke samaan soch-sakne, seekh-sakne, nirnay lene, aur kary karna sambhav ho. AI ka uddeshya yah hai ki machines aise kary kar sake jo aam taur par insani buddhi ki maang karte hain, jaise samajhna, vyakhya karna, prashna ka uttar dena, yojna banana, aur bhasha ko samajhna.

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AI ka upyog kai kshetron mein kiya jaata hai, jaise:

  • Healthcare: Rogi ki dekhbhaal aur nidan mein sudhar, chikitsa anushanshaon ka nirman, aur dawaiyon ki khoj.
  • Automotive: Autonomous ya self-driving cars ke vikas mein.
  • Finance: Fraud detection, algorithmic trading, aur personal finance management mein.
  • Retail: Customer service automation, personalized shopping experiences, aur inventory management mein.
  • Manufacturing: Production processes ko optimize karne, maintenance ki bhavishyavani, aur supply chain management mein.

AI ko mukhya roop se do broad categories mein baanta ja sakta hai:

  • Narrow AI (Weak AI): Is prakar ka AI kewal sankuchit tasks ko anjam dene ke liye designed hota hai. Yeh insani buddhi ki nakal karne mein saksham nahi hota hai lekin kuch specific karyon mein insano ki tarah ya behtar performance de sakta hai. Jaise, speech recognition, image recognition, aur search engine algorithms.
  • General AI (Strong AI): Yeh AI ka ek theoretical concept hai jisme AI systems insani buddhi ke barabar ya usse behtar performance de sakte hain across a wide range of cognitive tasks. Aise systems ko abhi tak viksit nahi kiya gaya hai aur yeh shodh aur vikas ka ek active kshetra hai.

AI technologies ka vikas aur upyog tezi se badh raha hai, aur ismein machine learning (ML), deep learning, natural language processing (NLP), aur robotics jaise sub-fields shaamil hain. Pratyek field specific problems ko solve karne ke liye unique approaches aur algorithms ka use karta hai.

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